About Sharon Schwarze Dear Colleagues, When we first started teaching critical thinking over twenty-five years ago the available textbooks fell into two camps: some were simplified "introduction to logic" texts, while others were little more than rhetoric handbooks fortified with a section on informal fallacies. The first group offered models for critical thinking but provided no material to think critically about. The second analyzed devious ways of persuasion used in everything from advertising to politics. We soon began constructing our own materials for critical thinking, using the stories, news events, and issues that our students encountered in their daily lives. We believed then, and we believe now, that students need to learn critical thinking skills in a variety of contexts and from actual instances, not from concocted textbook examples. Our approach to critical thinking also has a strong philosophical underpinning.
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It emphasizes a philosophical reflection on real issues from everyday life, in order to teach students the skills of critical thinking in a commonplace context that is easy to understand and certain to be remembered.
Teaching and Learning Experience Improve Critical Thinking - Thinking Socratically contextualizes the presentation of critical thinking topics through easy-to-understand information, and shows, rather than just tells, students how to be critical thinkers by encouraging them to follow Socrates as a model.
Engage Students — Thinking Socratically exposes students to a variety of readings listed after expository material, Venn diagrams, chapter-end summaries, etc. Support Instructors - Teaching your course just got easier! Plus, Thinking Socratically is organized around topics for ease of assignments, and uses standard terminology to eliminate student confusion. Makes it easy for instructors to use the text as a basis for their syllabus.
Enables students to grasp concepts in discrete units. Based on this approach, students see that critical thinking is not an abstract academic exercise, but something that applies to all aspects of everyday life. Standard Terminology — e. For easy access, this manual is available at www. For easy access, they are available at www. New To This Edition.
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