Reward The Patriarchs The practice of tithing first appears in the Torah, not as a commandment, but as a practice done by the patriarchs. As the tribe of Levi did not receive a portion in the Land of Israel, these harvests would support them as they worked in the Tabernacle or in the Holy Temple. This second maaser was taken to Jerusalem where it was eaten by the owner and his family while in a state of ritual purity. All tithes that had not been distributed, eaten or redeemed in the previous three years were dealt with then. If even then they were not given, eaten or redeemed, the tithes had to be burned or otherwise disposed of to the degree that it cannot be used in any way.
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Torah Sparks is produced by the Conservative Yeshiva in Jerusalem. Each week there will be a Dvar Torah - a discussion on some aspect of the reading, by CY faculty, alumni and friends; a Vort - a short thought from Chasidic rebbes or other thinkers about some point in the text; and Table Talk - questions to stimulate discussion on the Parsha around the Shabbat table.
Please select the Parasha you would like to see - it will display articles from each year. Our mishnah teaches that it must be treated as holy produce and not as one would treat hullin, non-sanctified food.
There are two important rules to keep in mind here: first of all, food that one buys becomes holy and there are certain rules that apply to it. In these cases the non-food item bought does not become hullin. Mishnah Six One who bought a domesticated animal unwittingly, the money must be restored to its former place. In Jerusalem one can exchange silver coins for copper coins. This would make it easier to go to the store and buy food, because silver coins are too big for use in a store.
Our mishnah teaches that it is also forbidden to make certain deals that make it look as if one is selling maaser sheni. This produce cannot be eaten because unclean maaser sheni can never The question is: can it be redeemed? The question is: do the jars become sanctified with the sanctity of maaser sheni?
Here we discuss what happens if after corking the jars the owner wishes to change their status. Today we learn about regular produce that has not yet been tithed and has entered Jerusalem. If we deem them to be within Jerusalem, then maaser sheni produce may be eaten there, but it may not be redeemed. Once in Jerusalem it must be eaten. However, this applies only to pure maaser sheni. Impure maaser sheni, which cannot be eaten and must be redeemed, can be redeemed in Jerusalem.
The confession has now turned from what the confessor, and by extension all of Israel, claims to have done, to the blessings that the confessor is asking. The first of these changes deals with the tithe confession, and hence this mishnah is brought here.
In it Bet Shammai and Bet Hillel argue whether when one redeems the grapes of a fourth-year vineyard, one has to add an extra fifth, as one does with maaser sheni. How is the value of the produce evaluated? Therefore, there is no cost in growing the produce, and one who redeems it cannot reduce this cost. This would be necessary if the time for removal was drawing near and he needed to separate the tithes […] Directory.
Separating Terumah and Maaser
One may not anoint oneself with wine or with vinegar, but one may anoint oneself with oil. One may not spice oil of second tithe, nor may one buy spiced oil with second tithe money. But one may spice wine. If honey or spices fell into wine and improved its value, the improved value [is divided] according to the proportion. If fish was cooked with leek of second tithe and it improved in value, the improved value [is divided] according to the proportion. If dough of second tithe was baked and it improved in value, the whole improved value is second [tithe].
The new year for tithes for general crops is the first of Tishrei the holiday of Rosh Hashanah , for animal tithes the first of Elul , and for the produce of trees the fifteenth of Shevat the holiday of Tu Bishvat. The Talmud and later commentaries reflect a substantial amount of debate about the start and end of the tithing year for various types of crops in various situations. If any of these tithes were not separated, the produce was known as tevel and forbidden for consumption. Unlike the first tithe, the second tithe was only separated on the first, second, fourth and fifth years of the sabbatical year cycle.
Is the term derived from rabbinic sources, or is it used in the Torah? Deuteronomy Maaser Sheni must be taken from all grains, wine and oil plus fruits and vegetables on a rabbinic level grown in Israel. The produce needed to be kept in a state of purity and eaten in a state of purity in the holy city of Jerusalem, at any time of the year. The main part of the mitzvah, eating Maaser Sheni in Jerusalem, only applies at the time of the Holy Temple. However, the essential obligation of Maaser Sheni still exists. If any of these tithes are not separated, the produce is known as tevel and forbidden for consumption.
Ask the Rabbi
Rabban Shimon ben Gamaliel said: When does this apply? In the seventh year. The conscientious used to put down money and say: any fruit gathered from this vineyard may be exchanged for this money. Eilat to the south, Akrabat on the north, Lod to the west, and the Jordan [river] to the east. When produce increased, it was decreed that it can be redeemed even if the vineyard was close to the wall. And there was a stipulation on this matter, that whenever it was so desired, the arrangement would be restored as it had been before.