History[ edit ] Malika Oufkir is the eldest daughter of Mohamed Oufkir. General Mohamed Oufkir was the interior minister, minister of defense, and the chief of the armed forces. He was very trusted by King Hassan II and the most powerful figure in Morocco after the King during the s and early s in Morocco. Malika Oufkir and her family were initially confined to house arrest in the south of Morocco from to
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Biography[ edit ] Mohamed Oufkir was a native of Ain-Chair, in the Tafilalt region, the stronghold of high Atlas Moroccan Berbers, in the south-eastern Morocco, where his father was appointed pasha by Hubert Lyautey in His great-grandfather was from Sidi Bel Abbes in Algeria northwest.
He studied at the berber College of Azrou near Meknes. After the war, he fought with French forces in Vietnam from to , where his bravery was dubbed "legendary". He forcefully repressed political protest through police and military clampdowns, pervasive government espionage, show trials, and numerous extralegal measures such as killings and forced disappearances. A feared figure in dissident circles, he was considered extraordinarily close to power.
One of his most famous victims is believed to have been celebrated third-world politician Mehdi Ben Barka , who had " disappeared " in Paris in A French court convicted him of the murder.
In , Oufkir was named interior minister, vastly increasing his power through direct control over most of the security establishment. After a failed republican military coup in , he was named chief of staff and minister of defense, and set about purging the army and promoting his personal supporters.
His domination of the Moroccan political scene was now near-complete, with the king ever more reliant on him to contain mounting discontent. It is generally accepted outside of official circles that Oufkir was executed by forces loyal to the Moroccan monarchy.
They were not released until , after American and European pressure on the government. After five years under close police supervision, they fled to France. His wife Fatima and his son Raouf also published their accounts of the period.
La veuve du général Oufkir est décédée